Cesarean Section (C-Section)


A cesarean section, also known as a C-section, is a surgical procedure in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus instead of through vaginal birth. In some cases, a C-section is planned before the onset of labor. In other cases, it is performed during labor if there are complications or risks to the mother or the baby.

The most common reasons for a C-section include complications during labor, such as insufficient dilation, a fetus in an abnormal position, fetal distress, abnormal presentation of the baby, or a medical emergency that endangers the life of the mother or the baby. Other less common causes may include placenta previa, previous uterine scar, unusually large baby size, maternal illness, or personal choice of the mother.

After a C-section, the mother may experience pain, swelling, and tenderness in the incision area, as well as fatigue, dizziness, and headaches due to anesthesia. It is important for the mother to report any concerning symptoms, such as fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, severe abdominal pain, or heavy bleeding.
The diagnosis of the need for a C-section is generally made during labor or when planning for delivery. The doctor carefully evaluates the health of the mother and the baby, performs tests such as fetal monitoring and ultrasound, and assesses the progress of labor to determine if a C-section is necessary.
After a C-section, the mother should take certain precautions to promote healing and prevent complications. This includes avoiding lifting heavy objects, not driving for several weeks after the procedure, and refraining from sexual intercourse until the doctor permits it. The mother should also keep the incision clean and dry, and watch for any signs of infection or complication. If the mother has any concerns or questions, she should contact her doctor immediately.


You can help prevent amenorrhea by reducing the risk factors that you can control. It is helpful to attain and maintain a healthy weight to exercise, but avoid excessive exercise.
Stress reduction techniques and positive support from positive resources, such as friends, family, co-workers, or counselors can help. Keep a record of your menstrual cycles and note any symptoms that bother you. Bring your record to your doctor’s appointment.

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