Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder that affects the large intestine. It causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. IBS is a chronic condition that requires long-term management.
The exact cause of IBS is not known, but several factors can contribute to its development. These factors include abnormal muscle contractions in the intestines, inflammation, changes in the gut microbiome, food sensitivities, stress, and hormones.
The symptoms of IBS vary from person to person but commonly include abdominal pain or discomfort, bloating, gas, diarrhea, constipation, and mucus in the stool. The symptoms may be triggered by certain foods, stress, or hormonal changes.
IBS is diagnosed based on a combination of symptoms and diagnostic tests. These tests may include a physical exam, blood tests, stool tests, and imaging tests such as a colonoscopy or X-ray. In some cases, additional tests may be needed to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
There is no cure for IBS, but treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. Treatment options may include dietary changes, such as avoiding trigger foods or following a low-FODMAP diet, medications to manage diarrhea, constipation or abdominal pain, and psychological therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or hypnotherapy.


People with IBS should take precautions to manage their symptoms and prevent flare-ups. This may include following a healthy diet, avoiding trigger foods, managing stress levels, and staying physically active. It is also essential to work closely with a healthcare provider to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

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