Male Infertility & Reproductive Endocrinology


Male infertility refers to a man’s inability to impregnate a fertile female partner after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. Reproductive endocrinology is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that deals with the hormonal and reproductive systems of both males and females.

Male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including low sperm count or motility, blockages or damage to the reproductive system, hormonal imbalances, genetic disorders, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Reproductive endocrinology issues in men can be caused by hormone imbalances, tumors, or other underlying medical conditions.
The primary symptom of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child with a fertile partner after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. Other symptoms may include pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicles, erectile dysfunction, and difficulty with ejaculation.
Diagnosis of male infertility may involve a physical exam, semen analysis, hormone testing, genetic testing, and imaging studies to evaluate the reproductive system. Reproductive endocrinology issues in men may be diagnosed through blood tests and imaging studies.
Treatment for male infertility depends on the underlying cause and may include lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF). Reproductive endocrinology issues in men may be treated with medications or surgery.


Preventative measures for male infertility include avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding exposure to toxins and environmental pollutants. For reproductive endocrinology issues, following a doctor’s recommended treatment plan and attending regular follow-up appointments is crucial.

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