Metrorrhagia – Abnormal Bleeding


Metrorrhagia, also known as abnormal uterine bleeding, is a common gynecological problem that affects many women. It refers to irregular bleeding from the uterus that occurs between menstrual periods or after menopause. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from hormonal imbalances to uterine fibroids or cancer.
The causes of metrorrhagia can vary depending on the individual woman. Some of the most common causes include hormonal imbalances, such as those associated with thyroid disorders or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Other possible causes include uterine fibroids or polyps, endometriosis, cervical or uterine cancer, and certain medications or contraceptives.
The symptoms of metrorrhagia can vary depending on the underlying cause. Some women may experience heavy bleeding, while others may only have light spotting. Pain or discomfort in the pelvic region is also common, as well as nausea, vomiting, or other digestive problems.
To diagnose metrorrhagia, a gynecologist will typically perform a physical exam and ask about the woman’s medical history and any current symptoms. Additional tests, such as a pelvic ultrasound or biopsy, may also be needed to identify the underlying cause.
The treatment for metrorrhagia will depend on the underlying cause. Hormonal imbalances may be treated with medications, while uterine fibroids or polyps may require surgery. Endometrial cancer may require chemotherapy or radiation therapy, while cervical or uterine cancer may require a hysterectomy. In some cases, lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or reducing stress, may also help alleviate symptoms.


Preventing metrorrhagia can be challenging, but there are some precautions women can take to minimize their risk. These may include maintaining a healthy weight, practicing safe sex, and avoiding certain medications or contraceptives that may contribute to hormonal imbalances. Women who experience irregular bleeding should also consult with their gynecologist to identify any underlying conditions and receive appropriate treatment.

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