Premenstrual Syndrome – PMS


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of physical and emotional symptoms that many women experience in the days leading up to their menstrual period. The exact cause of PMS is not known, but hormonal changes and fluctuations in brain chemicals are believed to play a role. PMS symptoms can range from mild to severe and can affect a woman’s daily life.
The exact cause of PMS is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels can contribute to the development of PMS symptoms. Changes in brain chemicals, such as serotonin, may also play a role.
PMS symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but typically include physical and emotional symptoms. Physical symptoms may include bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and fatigue. Emotional symptoms may include mood swings, irritability, anxiety, and depression.
There is no specific test to diagnose PMS, but a healthcare provider may ask about a woman’s menstrual history and symptoms. Keeping a menstrual diary can help to identify patterns and severity of symptoms. In some cases, a healthcare provider may perform a physical exam or recommend further testing to rule out other conditions.
Treatment for PMS typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Lifestyle changes may include regular exercise, healthy eating habits, stress management, and getting enough sleep. Medications may include over-the-counter pain relievers, hormonal birth control, and antidepressants.


Women with PMS should take steps to manage their symptoms, such as maintaining a healthy lifestyle and seeking treatment if symptoms become severe. It is also important to rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms, such as thyroid disorders or depression. Women who are pregnant or have a history of depression or anxiety should talk to their healthcare provider before starting any treatment for PMS.

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