Uterine Cancer – Endometrial Cancer


Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the lining of the uterus. It’s the most common type of cancer that affects the female reproductive system. The cancer usually develops in women who have gone through menopause, but it can also occur in women who are still menstruating.
The exact cause of uterine cancer is unknown, but certain factors may increase a woman’s risk of developing the disease. These factors include obesity, a family history of uterine or colon cancer, having a history of endometrial hyperplasia, and taking estrogen replacement therapy without progesterone.
The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding between periods or after menopause. Other symptoms may include pelvic pain, pain during sex, and an abnormal vaginal discharge.
To diagnose uterine cancer, a doctor may perform a pelvic exam, a transvaginal ultrasound, a hysteroscopy, or a biopsy. A biopsy is the only way to confirm a diagnosis of uterine cancer.
Treatment for uterine cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the stage of the cancer and other factors, such as the woman’s age and overall health.


There is no sure way to prevent uterine cancer, but maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding hormone therapy may help reduce the risk. Women who experience abnormal vaginal bleeding should see a doctor for an evaluation to rule out uterine cancer or other conditions.

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